- What information is covered
- Policy statement
- Scope of this policy
- Validity of this policy
- GDPR: Data protection principles
- Summary of relevant legislation and guidance
- Receiving Data Subjects’ Rights Request
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) 2016 came into force on 25 May 2018, together with the new Data Protection Act (DPA) 2018, replacing the previous data protection regime (DPA 1998) in the UK. The GDPR continues to apply following the UK’s exit from the European Union (EU) and therefore operates in tandem with the 2018 Act.
The 2018 Act allows for the processing of sensitive and criminal conviction data in the absence of consent where justification exists, including allowing employers to fulfil obligations of employment law or to prevent unlawful acts and fraud.
Domestic UK processing of personal data for law enforcement purposes was governed by the 1998 DPA and the Criminal Justice and Data Protection (Protocol No.36) Regulations 2014, which together established a robust regime for the protection of personal data by law enforcement.
In 2016 the EU agreed the Law Enforcement Directive (LED) to govern the processing of personal data by the police and other criminal justice agencies for the purpose of prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties and on the free movement of such data.
To ensure a coherent regime following the country’s exit from the EU, these provisions are now contained in the 2018 DPA and will apply to the domestic processing of personal data for such purposes.
Therefore references in this policy to the GDPR should also be taken to include references to the new DPA 2018. The applicable provisions of the LED are dealt with in the organisation’s separate Law Enforcement Processing (Data Protection) Policy.
The NHS Counter Fraud Authority (NHSCFA) needs to collect person-identifiable information about individuals in order to carry out its functions and fulfil its objectives. Personal data is defined as ‘information which relates to a living individual and from which they can be identified, either directly or indirectly’.
Personal data at NHSCFA can include employees (present, past and prospective), patients, contractors and third parties, private and confidential information as well as sensitive information, whether on paper, in electronic or other form.
Irrespective of how the information is collected, recorded and processed, personidentifiable information must be dealt with properly to ensure compliance with the GDPR and the DPA.
They require NHSCFA to comply with the seven principles relating to the processing of personal data (Appendix A). Under the Data Protection (Charges and Information) Regulations 2018, organisations that determine the purpose for which personal data is processed must pay the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) a fee unless they are exempt. This new fee replaces the requirement to ‘notify’ or ‘register’, required under the old data protection regime.
Data protection legislation gives rights to data subjects (people that we hold information about) to access their own personal information, to have it corrected if wrong, in certain permitted circumstances ask us to erase it or stop using it and to seek damages where we are using it improperly.
The lawful and correct treatment of person-identifiable information by NHSCFA is paramount to the success of the organisation and to maintaining the confidence of its employees, stakeholders and service users. This policy will help NHSCFA ensure that all person-identifiable information is handled and processed lawfully and correctly.
The NHSCFA has a legal obligation to comply with all relevant legislation in respect of data protection and information and IT security. The organisation also has a duty to comply with guidance issued by the Department of Health and Social Care, NHS Digital as well as other relevant guidance issued by advisory groups and professional bodies.
All legislation relevant to an individual’s right to the confidentiality of their information and the ways in which that can be achieved and maintained are paramount to the NHSCFA. Significant penalties can be imposed upon the organisation or its employees for non-compliance.
The purpose of this policy is to outline how the NHSCFA meets its legal obligations in safeguarding confidentiality and adheres to information security standards. The obligations within this policy are principally based upon the requirements of the GDPR, as the key legislative and regulatory provision governing the security of person-identifiable information.
Other relevant legislation and guidance referenced and to be read in conjunction with this policy, is outlined together with a brief summary at Appendix B.
What information is covered?
Personal data within the respective legislative and regulatory provisions covers ‘any data that can be used to identify a living individual either directly or indirectly’. Individuals can be identified by various means including but not limited to, their address, telephone number or e-mail address. Anonymised or aggregated data is not regulated by the provisions, providing the anonymisation or aggregation of the data is irreversible.
This document defines the data protection policy for the NHSCFA. It applies to all person-identifiable information obtained and processed by the organisation and its employees.
It sets out:
- the organisation’s policy for the protection of all person-identifiable information that is processed
- establishes the responsibilities (and best practice) for data protection
- references the key principles of the GDPR.
The objective of this policy is to ensure the protection of NHSCFA’s information in accordance with relevant legislation, namely:
To ensure payment of processing fee
Pay annually, the relevant processing fee to the Information Commissioner’s Office in respect of the person-identifiable information the NHSCFA processes.
To ensure professionalism
All information is obtained, held and processed in a professional manner in accordance with the six principles of the GDPR.
To preserve security
All information is obtained, held, disclosed and disposed of in a secure manner.
To ensure awareness
Provision of appropriate training and promote awareness to inform all employees of their responsibilities.
Data Subject’s rights request
Prompt and informed responses to a subject’s rights request.
The policy will be approved following annual review. Where review and update is necessary due to legislative changes this will be done immediately.
In accordance with the NHSCFA’s equality and diversity policy statement, this procedure will not discriminate, either directly or indirectly, on the grounds of gender, race, colour, ethnic or national origin, sexual orientation, marital status, religion or belief, age, union membership, disability, background or any other personal characteristic.
Scope of this policy
This policy will ensure that person-identifiable information is processed, handled, transferred, disclosed and disposed of lawfully. Person-identifiable information should be handled in the most secure manner by authorised staff only, on a needto-know basis.
The procedure covers all person-identifiable information whether clinical or nonclinical, electronic or paper which may relate to individuals, employees, contractors or third parties about whom we hold information.
The NHSCFA obtains and processes person-identifiable information for a variety of different purposes, including but not limited to:
- staff and administrative records
- matters relating to the prevention, detection and investigation of fraud and corruption in the National Health Service and the wider heath service
- complaints and requests for information
Such information may be kept in either computer or manual records. In processing such personal data NHSCFA will comply with the data protection principles set out in the GDPR/DPA.
Data protection responsibilities
The NHSCFA Board, collectively known as the ‘data controller’ permit the organisation’s staff to use computers and relevant filing systems (manual records) in connection with their duties. The Board have a legal responsibility for the payment of the processing fee and compliance with the GDPR.
The Board whilst retaining their legal responsibilities have delegated data protection compliance to the Data Protection Officer.
The Data Protection Officer’s responsibilities have been allocated to the organisation’s Information Governance and Risk Management Lead.
Data Protection Officer’s (DPO) responsibilities
The Data Protection Officer’s responsibilities include:
- ensuring that the policy is produced and kept up to date
- ensuring that the appropriate practice and procedures are adopted and followed by the NHSCFA.
- provide advice and support to the Board on data protection issues within the organisation
- work collaboratively with Organisational Development and Governance and Assurance to help set the standard of data protection training for staff
- ensure the processing of personal information is reviewed and advise the organisation on the appropriate processing fee to be paid to the ICO
- ensure compliance with individual rights requests
- act as a central point of contact on data protection issues within the organisation.
- implement an effective framework for the management of data protection.
Line managers’ responsibilities
All line managers across the organisation’s business units are directly responsible for:
- ensuring their staff are made aware of this policy and any notices.
- ensuring their staff are aware of their data protection responsibilities.
- ensuring their staff receive suitable data protection training
All NHSCFA staff, including temporary and contractors are subject to compliance with this policy. Under GDPR, individuals as ‘processors’ working on the ‘controller’s’ behalf can be held personally liable for data protection breaches, especially where they have received the requisite training.
All NHSCFA staff have a responsibility to inform their business unit Leads and the DPO of any new use of personal data, as soon as reasonably practicable after it has been identified.
All NHSCFA staff will, upon receiving a rights request from an individual for information or concerns about the processing of personal information, should immediately forward the request to the Information Governance Team at DPArequest@nhscfa.gsi.gov.uk.
Staff must follow the organisation’s rights request procedure (see Appendix C).
Compliance with this policy will be monitored by the Finance and Corporate Governance Unit and may be subject to periodic internal or external audit review where necessary.
The Information Governance and Risk Management Lead is responsible for the monitoring and updating of this policy document.
Validity of this policy
This policy will be reviewed at least on an annual basis or sooner, should the need arise under the authority of the Board. Associated data protection standards will be subject to ongoing development and review.